Country report: Spain

1. THE NATIONAL CONTEXT

Labour market mobility -geographical, occupational, inter or intra sectorial- must be understood in a wider context of the labour market. The labour market in Spain in the past 10 years has undergone exceptional changes. One of the major changes has been the consolidation of women’s entry into the labour market and an improvement in activity and employment rates, especially among older women workers. This consolidation is explained mostly by the large increase in educational attainment of women but also by other elements such as strong economic growth and a large influx of immigrants who have provided cheap care alternatives. On the other hand, although Spain suffers from a high degree of occupational segregation, ICT career possibilities have opened up a whole new range of opportunities that an increasing number of women have taken advantage of. Although Spain is one if the EU countries with the lowest rates of geographical mobility, job to job mobility seems to be having a high impact in Spain (this will be analysed below). In this chapter the main labour market indicators are briefly analysed before looking more specifically at the situation of ICT related jobs.